Though called Bald Faced Hornet or White Faced Hornet, this insect is actually categorized under the wasp family. It is one of the numerous yellow jacket species found on the planet, and another name they are given is “Aerial Yellow Jackets.” It is as the summer ends that hornets become hostile leading to the most number of stings. Scientifically called Dolichovespula maculate, they are social wasps.
Differences Between Social & Solitary Wasps
Social wasps love to protect their nests, while solitary ones do not create homes that house many wasps. The former wasps fly fast, aggressively swarm and sting all potential threats. Solitary wasps, on the other hand, rarely sting because they don’t have to defend a nest. The workers of bald hornets are females who build nests using “untreated wood surfaces” by taking its fibers out. The mud dauber, a type of solitary wasp, makes nests using mud on walls, eaves, and ceilings.
Bald Faced Hornet Sting Dogs –The Types Of Symptoms
When white-faced hornet nests are disturbed, they attack the assailant in vast numbers. The situation is worsened because they don’t have barbed stingers. Therefore one hornet can bite a number of times. The cherry on the top is the venom in the sting which has a pheromone. This chemical alerts all other wasps in the colony of the presence of an intruder. They rally to defend the nest by attacking at the exact location of the first sting. The venomous bite can produce two types of symptoms in dogs:
- Localized – affecting only the skin, hence minor.
- Systemic – affecting the entire body, maybe major.
The symptoms that your dog develops are determined by these aspects:
- How healthy is the pet?
- What is the age of the pet?
- How many stings does it have?
- What is the location of the bite?
- How sensitive is the dog?
It is to be noted that the usual cases are dog stung by hornet in eye, face, ear, throat, paw, nose and neck.
An Example – Dog Stung By Hornet On Paw
Let’s say your dog is stung by a bald-faced hornet in the paw. Here are some signs that will become visible to you.
- It will begin to limp and have a sorry looking face. Most people assume that the cause is a joint or nail injury when it is indeed a wasp sting.
- The paw will be itchy, so the dog will chew on it or nibble.
- The paw might swell up and give a burning sensation to the pet. The swelling should go down in some hours.
Symptoms For Dog Eye Stung By Bald Faced Hornet
White-faced hornets can even spray the venom using their stinger which means a lot of dogs get eye bites. If this occurs, then look out of for the following symptoms:
- Watering of dog’s eyes
- Inability to see for some time
- If the reaction to the hornet bite is significant, then anaphylaxis may occur.
Severe Symptoms In A Dog Stung By Hornet:
In some cases like dog stung by hornet in mouth or puppies, the symptoms can be extreme leading to lethal consequences, if not treated. The signs you should be alert for are:
- Swelling of lips or face that obstructs breathing
- Loss of consciousness
- Fast beating pulse
- Swallowing issues
- Pale gums
Grave symptoms will happen “within 5-10 minutes” of a sting.
Remedy For Hornet Sting On Dog
The treatment for a white-faced hornet sting on a dog is decided based on the severity of response. In most cases, cures are given to stop the dog from scratching an itch and causing infections. If your pet has a drastic reaction to the hornet bite, then seek immediate professional help. If your dog only has minor reactions, then treat it by:
- Wash the stung location with soapy water gently. Employ an antibacterial soap.
- Apply ice pack/ cold compress for 15 minutes following by an equal break to bring down swelling and reduce the pain. The ice will also make the spreading of venom slower.
- Apply baking soda mixed with water.
- Put antiseptic ointment or antibacterial on the bite.
- Give Benadryl to lessen symptoms. For one pound of weight give a maximum of 2mg dose.
Dog Stung By Bald Faced Hornet – Thwarting Future Bites
The only guarantee to your furry friend not being stung by a white-faced hornet is eradication. It is especially vital if the nest is close to your dwelling. Remove all wasps from your home and backyard by taking one these steps.
After locating the wasp home during the day, treat at night or early morning by spraying the entrance of it. Empty the entire aerosol can into the nest. If you utilize a foaming agent, then spray from a distance at which it breaks. This will give a more thorough result as the agent will spread within the nest averting all escapees. Do not treat the colony during the day as hornets are most active then and most of the nest is empty.
If you are not afraid to get up close with a hornet nest, then insecticidal dust can be appropriated. The powder has to be “applied into the nest.” Take note that this tactic takes some hours to give visible results.
Another strategy to avert stings on pets is the removal of hornet nests. Even if you employ this technique, you would need to kill the wasps beforehand. Use a spray that exterminates bald-faced hornets on touch. After the spray, most wasps will die and drop down. Others may cling to the colony or fly away. It is not an issue as all wasps will be coated with the deadly chemical.
How To Recognise A White Faced Hornet Nest?
For those who have trouble spotting a wasp colony, here are some tips.
- Most nests are as big as a football. The nest looks papery.
- The entrance is a tiny hole found at the bottom of the colony.
- In some cases, the nest is bigger than a football and will have more than one entry points.
- You will find them:
- Sides of homes
- Below carports
- Beneath heavy patio furniture
Your Insurance During Hornet Removal
When using a hornet killing or repelling technique, there are some precautions that must be taken.
- Layer clothes by putting on a few shirts and then a thick jacket over them. Wear two or more jeans that have a loose fit. The fabrics will provide you with padding.
- Put on a wide brim hat that has a net over it.
- Lock away all pets before you start spraying. Same goes for children.
- Have your escape route planned and open-ended.
- Pesticides tend to drip when used from a can. Protect the surrounding area by covering it with a towel.
- Try to find an aerosol spray that does not harm trees and leaves.
The Last Few Safeguards Against Bald Faced Hornets
The sting of a white-faced hornet is horrendously painful for dogs if the reaction is too severe. Keep this threat away from your most loyal friend by:
- Do not take your dog for a walk in gardens with flower or orchards during hornet season.
- Always keep food and drinks covered while outside so as to not attract the wasps.
- Tightly close the covers of all garbage cans near your house.
- If a bald-faced hornet is buzzing around you and your pet, stay calm and slowly move away. Sudden movements will lead to more stings.
- When a hornet nest is in your garden or near your dwelling, call a professional to remove it, if you can’t.
Remember hornets control other pests because they are omnivorous. Therefore, if the bald-faced hornet colony is far away and not dangerous to your dog leave it as it is.